Sudan and South Sudan


Sudans map
Please note that the border between Sudan and South Sudan is currently disputed. This map is intended to provide visual context, and does not represent the Enough Project's views on how the border should be defined.

Since gaining independence from Britain and Egypt in 1956, Sudan has experienced more years of conflict than peace.

These conflicts, fought between the Sudanese government and movements arising within Sudan, are commonly rooted in the exploitative leadership of the Government of Sudan, and the unequal distribution of power and wealth among the Sudanese population. These internal tensions drove the country's decades-long civil war, which led to South Sudan’s secession from Sudan on July 9, 2011. These same tensions continue to underlie current conflicts in Darfur, eastern Sudan, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile.

Today, conflict related to Sudan can be viewed through three lenses: conflicts within Sudan, conflicts within South Sudan, and the outstanding political, legal, and economic issues between the two countries. Each of these lenses must be fully considered to understand the factors underlying conflict within and between the two Sudans.

We take a holistic approach to conflicts in the Sudans.

History of the ConflictHistory of the Conflict

In two civil wars over two decades, Sudan fought over resources, southern self-determination, and the role of religion in the state. Read More

Conflicts within SudanConflicts in Sudan

Ongoing fighting in Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and eastern Sudan continues to affect the stability of Sudan and impede democratic transformation.  Read More

Conflicts within South SudanConflicts in South Sudan

After a power struggle in the ruling party turned violent, South Sudan has returned to war with violence increasingly moving along ethnic lines. Read More

Tensions between the Two SudansTensions between the Two Sudans

Sudan and South Sudan's relationship remains tense and they are often on the brink of war. Read More


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Stay updated on the Sudans: Read the latest reports.